Criminal law in India :- is only one of the law by which organized societies /state protect the individual interests and ensure the survival of the group.
Criminal law relates to offenses against the state, it includes felonies and misdemeanors, murder, dealing drugs, rape, robbery, and arson etc. The standard of proof for crimes is beyond a reasonable doubt. Indian criminal law is divided into 3 major acts:
Besides these three major acts, special Criminal Law is also passed by the Parliament. like:-
- Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988
- Food Adulteration Act, 1954
- Dowry Prevention Act,1961
- Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012, and many minor Criminal laws are made in India.
For example:- the law prohibiting murder, dealing drugs, theft, kidnapping, rape, robbery, and arson is a substantive criminal law.