Every Nation constitution enforces certain laws, for the purpose of maintaining order and protecting the society from crimes, these laws are classified into two Main categories civil law and criminal law.
Difference between civil law and criminal law: – The main difference is
Civil law: – Civil law is relates to personal matters against the individuals, organizations, it includes marriage and property, family dispute, Landlord/tenant disputes matters etc.
Criminal law- Criminal law relates to offenses against the state, it includes felonies and misdemeanors, murder, dealing drugs, rape, robbery, and arson etc.
|Civil Law||Criminal Law|
|1.Definition||Civil law is the part of the legal system deals with the disputes between individuals, organizations, and between the two, in which compensation is awarded to the victim.||Criminal law is the part of the legal system and that deals with crime and the legal punishment of criminal offenses.|
|2.Examples:||Felonies and misdemeanors, murder, dealing drugs, rape, robbery, and arson etc.||Marriage and property, family dispute, Landlord/tenant disputes matters etc.|
|3. Purpose||To sustain the rights of a person and to compensate him.||To maintain law and order, to protect society and to give punishment to the wrongdoers.|
|4. Case filed by:||Private party||Government/State|
|5. Appeal:||Either Party||Only Defendant|